Gorgeous Green House

The Renovation Journey of a 1940’s ‘Traditional’ to 2015 ‘Contemporary, Green & Gorgeous’


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Photo Update

Not much of noteworthy greenness has been happening on the build in the last few weeks but I’ve been getting lots of requests for a photo update so here it is.  The final overall shape of the house is now really clear.  I’m most excited to be feeling the space of the roof garden.  It’s really easy to imagine it planted up and merging with the garden in the view beyond. The skylight will reduce the need for lighting in the lounge below (just visible behind the kids) and, looking up from the lounge, the plants that overhang will be lovely to look at.

Kids standing in roof garden which is off the master bedroom.

Kids standing in roof garden which is off the master bedroom.

There is another smaller roof garden around the outside shower off the master bathroom.  The slab is also in place here so its been fun to stand ‘in’ the shower.  Good thing the louvers are in the design or the neighbours RHS would be in for some interesting entertainment!

View from roof garden to master suite and outside shower slab for smaller roof garden

View from roof garden to master suite and outside shower area for smaller roof garden

Old garage roof is off and wall between it and the storeroom is down and its transforming into the granny flat

Garage transforming into granny flat. This wall will be the vertical garden

The old garage roof is off.  The wall between it and the storeroom is down and the two are rapidly transforming into the granny flat.  The wall in this view is to be the vertical garden.  This is going to be quite extraordinarily beautiful.  Watch this space as there are going to be lots of processes shared.   I’m really excited about this element of the build as it is going to ‘disappear’ this whole building from this view of the property. It is also going to extend the wildlife habitat of my space as I will be using only indigenous plants (species list to be shared).

Front of the house now at full height.  The large window is perfect in scale and will be a beautiful reflection point for the pond in front.

Front of the house now at full height. The large window is perfect in scale and will be a beautiful reflection point for the pond in front.

The Shuttering is off the veranda so we get a good feel for how cool and protected we will be here.

Squinting Bush Brown butterfly unperturbed by the building activity

Squinting Bush Brown butterfly unperturbed by the building activity

Looking forward to lots of  long lazy lunches with family and friends.

Shuttering is off the verhanda so we get a good feel for how cool and protected we will be here

Section of veranda

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Gorgeous Green House Goes Mainstream Media!

daily_newsNews Flash!  

Gorgeous Green House has gone mainstream media.

Lindsey Ord from the Daily News is covering our progress and a series of articles are planned.  Please go to  http://www.iol.co.za/dailynews/lifestyle/the-green-house-effect-1.1530307#.UcmME_lTDiw  for the on-line version of the first.

So exciting to be getting all this good green info out there. Thanks Lindsey for helping us get to a wider audience.

Gorgeous Green Architectural Design

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Several years ago when I started talking about my dream of building a ‘green house’ a friend said “oh I saw one of those … a kind of hobbit house…really ugly”  So the first misconception to clear up is that green design has nothing to do with the aesthetics of the house!  Whatever your taste (hobbit-like or otherwise) one can incorporate green design principles.  Essentially it means building in harmony with the natural environment and cooperating instead of fighting with the regional climate.  Green building takes a passive approach which requires less energy to run once the building is erected. It’s also know as bioclimatic design, eco-design, eco-friendly architecture, earth-friendly architecture, environmental architecture and natural architecture.

This post will focus on the design of the building itself, not the technology or specific materials to be used.  I will cover those aspects separately.

My house is in Durban South Africa.  We have an average of 320 days of sunshine a year. Temperatures range from 16 to 25º C in winter and  23 to 33º C in summer.  However, before you consider relocating, the warm Mozambique current flowing along our coast and summer rainfall means we also experience high humidity which can be quite debilitating from December to March.  So here is what we have briefed the architect to design into the house:

WINDOWS

We want light (lots of) but not direct sunlight which would heat up the house and require us to put in energy guzzling air-conditioners so one of the easiest things to do is install tinted windowsCross ventilation is also a vital consideration.  Windows were planned so that each room would have opening windows on opposite sides of the room.  The most challenging areas were the downstairs bedrooms which open onto the passage .  Tricky to get cross ventilation as you can see from the drawing below.

Bedrooms tricky for cross ventilation. Pond has low opening windows to draw in cool air

We did three things; firstly designed opening windows above the doors and small high windows (second floor not in view) that open up into the passage.  The passage windows slide sideways rather than level in our out so there are no unattractive or dangerous protrusions in to the passage.

Whirlybird

Secondly we have put whirly birds into the roof of the passageway to draw the warm air up and out of the house. These are fantastic low tech gadgets that are used a lot in factories but surprisingly not in residential properties.  The third thing we did was put opening windows at ground level next to the pond to draw in the cool air as it crosses the water.  Thanks for this great tip Greg Seymour greg@go-green-consult.com

OVERHANGS, EYEBROWS, FIXED LOUVRES AND TREES

Sun pouring into a building is a costly thing to mitigate. Passive solar cooling eliminates the need for air conditioning. The image at the top of the  page shows the house as it faces North.  In Durban this is the hottest elevation.  Fixed louvres will cut the sun’s strength considerably without blocking light.  The verandahs are wide so that even in winter when the sun is lower  it won’t penetrate into the house.  Elsewhere on the building are ‘eyebrows’ to shade windows.  Best of all (though not strictly a design feature) are trees and shrubs next to the building.  Many are deciduous so in summer they are full of leaves when most shade is wanted and in winter the drop their leaves when a bit more warmth is welcome.

CONCRETE AND ROOF GARDEN

Example of roof garden with plants I will also use

A study undertaken by Canadian researchers found that green roof habitats were very effective in reducing a building’s energy demands.   The results show that a conventional roof absorbs solar radiation during the day, creating a high daily energy demand for cooling internal air spaces. In  contrast, the growing medium and plants of a green roof habitat reduce the heat flow through  the roof by providing shading, insulation, and evaporative cooling (shown in green below). It was found that the green roof habitat reduced the daily energy demand for cooling by a whopping 95%!!  (If you’re interested in the tech stuff that’s from 19.3  kWh or 7,080 British Thermal Unit (BTU) per m2 for a building under a conventional roof to 0.9 kWh or 324 BTU per m2 for a building under a green roof habitat). Thermal mass is the term given to material (usually concrete or stone) which will absorb heat and prevent its entry into the home.  Although there are eco-negatives associated with concrete because  of it production processes judicious use can swing its rating into a green category.  In our house concrete (a lot)  has been required to build the base for the roof garden.  Its payoff though is immense at  many levels.  More to follow on the wider range of green roof benefits and how to actually construct your own.

ROOF DESIGN FOR SOLAR PANELS

Albizia shading area of roof originally allocated for roof panel

Ensure you plan carefully for the location of your solar panels.  We were quite ignorant of how many we needed (24!) and initially made provision for only 8 on a section that also gets much shade from an ancient and huge Albizia adianthifolia.  Our main roof was pitched – but the wrong way – which has led to delays with approval of plans as we’ve had to switch the pitch direction to accommodate the panels.  In Durban one cannot make changes during the build without the risk of inspectors shutting down construction while you wade through approval bureaucracy so best to get it right up front.  We’ve had expert help from Trevor Wheeler of  http://www.solarsunsa.co.za/  and I strongly advise you get your solar needs properly specified from a specialist before you submit your plans.  More posts to follow on the process of determining what your solar needs are.

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